How to adjust Front and Rear Seats on Model Y

Correct Driving Position

The seat, head support, seat belt and airbags work
together to maximize your safety. Using these correctly
ensures greater protection.

Position the seat so you can wear the seat belt correctly,
while being as far away from the front airbag as
possible:

  1. Sit upright with both feet on the floor and the seat
    back reclined no more than 30 degrees.
  2. Make sure you can easily reach the pedals and that
    your arms are slightly bent when holding the steering
    wheel. Your chest should be at least 10 inches
    (25 cm) from the center of the airbag cover.
  3. Place the shoulder section of the seat belt mid-way
    between your neck and your shoulder. Fit the lap
    section of the belt tightly across your hips, not across
    your stomach.

Adjusting the Front Seats

  1. Move seat forward/backward and adjust the seat’s
    height and tilt angle up/down.
  2. Adjust backrest.
  3. Adjust lumbar support

WARNING: Before adjusting a front seat, check
that the area around the seat is free of obstacles
(people and objects).

WARNING: Do not adjust seats while driving.
Doing so increases the risk of a collision.

WARNING: Riding in a moving vehicle with the
seat back reclined can result in serious injuries in a
collision, as you could slide under the lap belt or
be propelled into the seat belt. Ensure your seat
back is reclined no more than 30 degrees when
the vehicle is moving.

Adjusting and Folding Second Row
Seats

Model Y provides seating for up to three passengers in
the second row. Use the adjustment handles on the
outside corner of each outboard seating position to
adjust the corresponding seat backs. The seat back is
split 60/40 so the adjustment handle on the left side
moves the seat backs for both the left and center
seating positions, whereas the handle on the right side
moves the rightmost seat back only. While pulling and
holding the handle, move the seat back to the desired
position, and then release the handle. Ensure the seat
back is securely latched into position by pushing it
forward and rearward.

To maximize cargo space, each second row seat back
can be folded fully forward to lay flat. While pulling and
holding the handle, push the corresponding seat back
fully forward.

NOTE: Before folding seats fully forward, remove any
items from the seats and the rear footwell. To allow the
seat backs to fold completely flat, you may need to
move the front seats forward.

NOTE: Driving with the rear seats folded forward may
increase perceivable noise and/or vibration coming
from the rear of the vehicle (trunk, suspension, etc.).
To allow you to carry long items (such as skis) in the
rear of Model Y, the center seat back can also be
independently folded forward. Pull the handle on the
rear of the seat back. The seat back unlatches and can
be pushed forward.

You can also fold the second row seat backs fully
forward by pressing the corresponding switch located
on the left side of the rear trunk area. Pressing the
switch causes the seat back to swing forward. You can
then push it downward so it lays fully flat.

Raising Rear Seats

Before raising a rear seat, make sure that the seat belts
are not trapped behind the backrest.
Pull the seat back upward until it locks into place.
To confirm that the seat back is locked in the upright
position, try pulling it forward.

WARNING: Always ensure the seat backs are
locked in their upright position by pushing it
forward or rearward. Failure to do so increases the
risk of injury.

Head Supports

The front seats include integrated head supports that
are not adjustable.

The rear seats include an adjustable head support that
can be raised, lowered, or removed. The head support
should always be raised and locked into position (so that
the center is aligned with the center of the ears) when
occupied by a passenger that is not in a child safety
seat.

WARNING: The head support in the rear center
seat must be lowered when a seat belt retained
child safety seat is installed in that seating
position.

WARNING: Ensure that all head supports are
positioned correctly before sitting in, or operating,
Model Y to minimize the risk of severe injury or
death in the event of a collision.

Raising/Lowering the Outer Rear Seat Head Supports

To raise the head support, lift it until you hear it click
into place. Push down on the head support to ensure
that it is secure.
To lower the head support, press and hold the button on
the outer base of the left post and press the head
support down.

Raising/Lowering the Rear Center Head Support

To raise the head support, lift it until you hear it click
into place. Push down on the head support to ensure
that it is secure.
To lower the head support, press and hold the button on
the outer base of the right post and press the head
support down.

Removing/Installing a Head Support

To remove the head support:

  1. Raise the head support as described above.
  2. Press and hold the button on the outer base of the
    right post.
  3. Insert a short, flat object (such as a small flat-head
    screwdriver) into the opening on the inside base of
    the left post and pull the head support upward.

To re-install the head support:

  1. With the front of the head support facing forward,
    insert both posts into the corresponding holes on
    the seat back.
  2. Press down on the head support until it clicks into
    place.
  3. Pull up on the head support to ensure that it is
    secure.

WARNING: Ensure that the head support is
correctly installed before seating an occupant.
Failure to do so increases the risk of injury or
death if a collision occurs.


Seat Heaters

The front and rear seats contain heating pads that
operate at three levels from 3 (highest) to 1 (lowest).

WARNING: To avoid burns resulting from
prolonged use, individuals who have peripheral
neuropathy, or whose capacity to feel pain is
limited because of diabetes, age, neurological
injury, or some other condition, should exercise
caution when using the climate control system
and seat heaters.

Seat Covers

WARNING: Do not use seat covers in Model Y.
Doing so could restrict deployment of the
seat-mounted side air bags if a collision occurs.
Also, if the vehicle is equipped with an occupant
detection system that is used to determine the
status of the passenger front airbag, seat covers
may interfere with this system.

How the braking system works on Model Y

Braking and Stopping Braking Systems

WARNING: Properly functioning braking systems
are critical to ensure safety. If you experience a
problem with the brake pedal, brake caliper, or
any component of a Model Y braking system,
contact Tesla immediately.

Model Y has an anti-lock braking system (ABS) that
prevents the wheels from locking when you apply
maximum brake pressure. This improves steering
control during heavy braking in most road conditions.

During emergency braking conditions, the ABS
constantly monitors the speed of each wheel and varies
the brake pressure according to the grip available.

The alteration of brake pressure can be felt as a pulsing
sensation through the brake pedal. This demonstrates
that the ABS is operating and is not a cause for concern.
Keep firm and steady pressure on the brake pedal while
experiencing the pulsing.

The (ABS) indicator briefly flashes yellow
on the touchscreen when you first start
Model Y. If this indicator lights up at any
other time, an ABS fault has occurred
and the ABS is not operating. Contact
Tesla. The braking system remains fully
operational and is not affected by an
ABS failure. However, braking distances
may increase. Drive cautiously and avoid
heavy braking.

If the touchscreen displays red (!) BRAKE
indicator at any time other than briefly
when you first start Model Y, a brake
system fault is detected, or the level of
the brake fluid is low. Contact Tesla
immediately. Apply steady pressure and
keep the brakes firm to bring the vehicle
to a stop when safe to do so.

If the touchscreen displays yellow (!)
BRAKE indicator at any time, a brake
booster fault is detected. Apply steady
pressure and keep the brakes firm to
bring the vehicle to a stop when safe to
do so. Hydraulic Boost Compensation
will be active


Emergency Braking

In an emergency, fully press the brake pedal and
maintain firm pressure, even on low traction surfaces.
The ABS varies the braking pressure to each wheel
according to the amount of traction available. This
prevents wheels from locking and ensures that you stop
as safely as possible.

WARNING: Do not pump the brake pedal. Doing
so interrupts operation of the ABS and can
increase braking distance.

WARNING: Always maintain a safe distance from
the vehicle in front of you and be aware of
hazardous driving conditions. While the ABS can
improve stopping distance, it cannot overcome
the laws of physics. It also does not prevent the
danger of hydroplaning (where a layer of water
prevents direct contact between the tires and the
road).

Automatic Emergency Braking is designed to
automatically brake in situations where a collision is
considered imminent.

WARNING: Automatic Emergency Braking is not
designed to prevent a collision. At best, it can
minimize the impact of a frontal collision by
attempting to reduce your driving speed.
Depending on Automatic Emergency Braking to
avoid a collision can result in serious injury or
death.

CAUTION: In emergency situations, if the brakes
are not functioning properly, press and hold the
Park button on the drive stalk to bring the vehicle
to a stop. Do not use this method to stop the
vehicle unless absolutely necessary.


Brake Disc Wiping

To ensure your brakes remain responsive in cold and
wet weather, Model Y is equipped with brake disc
wiping. When cold and wet weather is detected, this
feature repeatedly applies an imperceptible amount of
brake force to clear away water from the surface of the
brake discs.


Hydraulic Fade Compensation

Your vehicle is also equipped with hydraulic fade
compensation. This feature assists in monitoring brake
system pressure and ABS activity for instances of lower
brake performance. If lower brake performance is
detected (for example, as a result of brake fade, or cold
or wet conditions), you may feel the brake pedal pull
away from your foot, detect some noise, and notice a
strong increase in vehicle braking. Continue to press the
brake pedal without releasing or “pumping” them—
brake as you normally would.

CAUTION: If brakes are not functioning properly,
stop the vehicle as soon as safety permits and
contact Tesla Service. If necessary, use the Park button
to stop the vehicle in case of emergency

WARNING: Always maintain a safe driving
distance from the vehicle in front of you and
exercise caution when driving conditions are
hazardous. Do not rely on brake disc wiping or
hydraulic fade compensation to act as a
substitute for adequately applying the brakes.


Hydraulic Boost Compensation

Model Y is equipped with a brake booster that provides
a mechanical advantage that effectively activates the
brakes when the brake pedal is pressed. Hydraulic boost
compensation provides mechanical assist in the event of
a brake booster failure. If a brake booster failure is
detected, the brake pedal may feel harder to press and
you may hear some noise when you press the brake
pedal. To stop the vehicle, apply adequate steady force
on the brake pedal without releasing or “pumping”
them. Exercise caution while driving and maintain a safe
distance as brake pedal responsiveness and braking
performance may be degraded.


Regenerative Braking

Whenever Model Y is moving and your foot is off the
accelerator, regenerative braking slows down Model Y
and feeds any surplus energy back to the Battery.

By anticipating your stops and reducing or removing
pressure from the accelerator pedal to slow down, you
can take advantage of regenerative braking to increase
driving range. Of course, this is no substitute for regular
braking when needed for safety.

NOTE: If regenerative braking is aggressively slowing
Model Y (such as when your foot is completely off the
accelerator pedal at highway speeds), the brake lights
turn on to alert others that you are slowing down.

NOTE: Installing winter tires with aggressive compound
and tread design may result in temporarily-reduced
regenerative braking power. However, your vehicle is
designed to continuously recalibrate itself, and after
changing tires it will increasingly restore regenerative
braking power after some moderate-torque straight-line
accelerations. For most drivers this occurs after a short
period of normal driving, but drivers who normally
accelerate lightly may need to use slightly harder
accelerations while the recalibration is in progress.

WARNING: In snowy or icy conditions Model Y
may experience traction loss during regenerative
braking.

The amount of energy fed back to the Battery using
regenerative braking can depend on the current state of
the Battery. For example, regenerative braking may be
limited if the Battery is already fully charged or if the
ambient temperature is too cold.

NOTE: If regenerative braking is limited, a dashed line
displays on the energy bar.

Stopping Mode

Regenerative braking decelerates Model Y whenever you
release the accelerator pedal when driving. You can
choose what you want Model Y to do once the driving
speed has been reduced to a very low speed (almost at
a stop) and both the accelerator pedal and brake pedal
are released. While in Park, touch
Controls > Driving > Stopping Mode
and choose from these options:

• CREEP: When close to, or at, a complete stop, the
motor continues to apply torque, moving Model Y
slowly forward (in Drive) or backwards (in Reverse),
similar to a conventional vehicle with an automatic
transmission. In some situations, such as on a steep
hill or driveway, you may need to press the
accelerator pedal to continue moving or to prevent
Model Y from moving in the opposite direction.

WARNING: Never rely on CREEP to apply
enough torque to prevent your vehicle from
rolling down a hill. Always press the brake pedal
to remain stopped or the accelerator pedal to
proceed up the hill. Failure to do so can result in
property damage and/or a collision.

• HOLD: Maximizes range and reduces brake wear by
continuing to provide regenerative braking at speeds
lower than with the Creep and Roll settings. When
Model Y stops, the brakes are automatically applied
without you having to put your foot on the brake
pedal. Whether stopped on a flat surface or a hill,
Vehicle Hold keeps the brake applied, provided your
foot remains off the accelerator and brake pedals.

WARNING: Never rely on HOLD to adequately
decelerate or fully stop your vehicle. Many
factors can contribute to a longer stopping
distance, including downward slopes, and
reduced or limited regenerative braking.
Always be prepared to use the brake pedal
to adequately decelerate or stop.

• ROLL: When close to, or at, a complete stop, Model Y
becomes free rolling like a vehicle in Neutral.
Therefore, if stopped on a slope, Model Y will roll
downward. The brake does not engage, and the
motor does not apply torque (until the accelerator
pedal is pressed).

NOTE: If you choose CREEP or ROLL, you can still
use Vehicle Hold to apply the brakes. However, you
will need to briefly press the brake pedal when the
vehicle is stopped.

WARNING: Press the brake pedal if Model Y moves
when unsafe to do so. It is your responsibility to
stay alert and be in control of the vehicle at all
times. Failure to do so can result in serious
damage, injury, or death.

WARNING: Do not rely on regenerative braking
and your chosen Stopping Mode to keep you and
your vehicle safe. Various factors such as driving
with a heavy vehicle load, on a steep hill, or on wet
or icy roads affect deceleration rate and the
distance at which Model Y will come to a stop.
Drive attentively and always stay prepared to use
the brake pedal to stop as appropriate based on
traffic and road conditions.

WARNING: Forward Collision Warning and
Automatic Emergency Braking do not operate
when driving at very low speeds. Do not rely
on these features to warn you, or to prevent
or reduce the impact of a collision.

NOTE: Your chosen setting is retained in your Driver
Profile until you manually change it.


Parking Brake

To engage the parking brake, touch
Controls > Safety & Security > Parking Brake
and follow the onscreen instructions.
You can also engage the parking brake by
pressing and holding the button on the end of the
drive stalk while in Park.

NOTE: The parking brake operates on the rear wheels
only, and is independent of the pedal-operated brake
system.

WARNING: In snowy or icy conditions the rear
wheels may not have sufficient traction to prevent
Model Y from sliding down a slope, particularly if
not using winter tires. Avoid parking on hills in
snowy or icy conditions. You are always
responsible for parking safely.

WARNING: Your Model Y may display an alert if
the road is too steep to safely park on, or if the
parking brakes are not properly engaged. These
alerts are for guidance purposes only and are not
a substitute for the driver’s judgment of safe
parking conditions, including specific road or
weather conditions. Do not depend on these
alerts to determine whether or not it is safe to
park at any location. You are always responsible
for parking safely.

When you manually apply the parking
brake using the touchscreen (Controls >
Safety & Security > Parking Brake), or
by pressing and holding the button on
the end of the drive stalk when in Park,
the red parking brake indicator (P) PARK
lights up on the touchscreen.

If the parking brake experiences an
electrical issue, the amber parking brake
indicator (P) lights up and a fault message
displays at the top of the touchscreen.

CAUTION: In the unlikely event that Model Y loses
electrical power, you cannot access the
touchscreen and are therefore unable to release
the parking brake without first jump starting
Model Y


Brake Wear

Model Y brake pads are equipped with wear indicators.
A wear indicator is a thin metal strip attached to the
brake pad that squeals as it rubs against the rotor when
the pad wears down. This squealing sound indicates
that the brake pads have reached the end of their
service life and require replacement. To replace the
brake pads, contact Tesla Service.

Brakes must be periodically inspected visually by
removing the tire and wheel. Additionally, Tesla
recommends cleaning and lubricating the brake calipers
every year or 12,500 miles (20,000 km) if in an area
where roads are salted during winter months.

WARNING: Neglecting to replace worn brake
pads damages the braking system and can result
in a braking hazard.

How Airbags Work on Tesla Model Y

Applies to: Model Y v2020.44 North America

Airbags inflate when sensors detect an impact that
exceeds deployment thresholds. These thresholds are
designed to predict the severity of a crash in time for
the airbags to help protect the vehicle’s occupants.
Airbags inflate instantly with considerable force
accompanied by a loud noise. The inflated bag, together
with the seat belts, limits movement of occupants to
reduce the risk of injury.

Front airbags are not ordinarily designed to inflate in
rear collisions, rollovers, side collisions and when braking
heavily or driving over bumps and potholes. Likewise,
front airbags may not inflate in all frontal collisions, such as
minor front collisions, underride collisions, or minor impacts
with narrow objects (such as posts or poles).
Significant superficial damage can occur to the vehicle
without the airbags inflating and, conversely, a relatively
small amount of structural damage can cause airbags to inflate.
Therefore, the external appearance of the vehicle
after a collision does not represent whether or not the front
airbags should have inflated.

WARNING: Before modifying your vehicle to
accommodate a person with disabilities in a way
that may affect the airbag system, contact Tesla.

Types of Airbags

Model Y has the following types of airbags:
• Front airbags: The front airbags are designed to reduce
injuries if larger children or adults are riding in the front seats.
Follow all warnings and instructions related to seating a child
on the front passenger seat (if permitted in your market region).
• Knee airbags: Knee airbags and the front airbags work together.
The knee airbags limit the forward motion of the front seat
occupants by restricting leg movement, thereby positioning
the occupants so that the front airbags work more effectively.
• Seat-mounted side airbags: A seat-mounted side airbag
in the front seats helps protect the pelvis and the thorax region
of the torso. The seat-mounted side airbags on both the impacted
and non-impacted side of the vehicle will inflate in the event of
severe side impact or severe offset frontal impact.
• Curtain airbags: Curtain airbags help protect the head.
Curtain airbags on both the impacted and non-impacted
side of the vehicle will inflate only if a severe side impact occurs,
or if the vehicle rolls over.

Passenger Front Airbag Status

The status of the passenger front airbag displays in the
top corner of the touchscreen:

Before driving with a child seat on the front passenger seat
(if legally permitted in your market region), always double-check
the status of the passenger front airbag to confirm that it is OFF.
When the passenger front airbag is OFF, it will not inflate when
a collision occurs. This indicator also displays when the seat
is unoccupied.

To protect an adult occupying the front passenger seat,
ensure the passenger front airbag is ON.
When the passenger front airbag is ON,
it may inflate when a collision occurs.

Controlling the Passenger Front Airbag

Model Y has an occupancy sensor in the front passenger
seat that controls the status of the front airbag.

NOTE: The occupancy classification system (OCS) meets
the regulatory requirement of FMVSS 208 and
automatically detects when inflating the passenger
front airbag would be unnecessary or potentially harmful.

WARNING: Seating an infant in a rear facing child safety seat
on a seat equipped with an operational airbag can cause
serious injury or death.

Object ClassificationOCS Passenger
Airbag Status*
Indicator statusNotes
EmptyOFFPASSENGER AIRBAG OFF
ObjectOFF or ONPASSENGER AIRBAG OFF or
PASSENGER AIRBAG ON
Depends on material/
contents.
Rear facing child seat
designed for children up to a
year old
OFFPASSENGER AIRBAG OFF20 lbs (9 kg) or less
Forward facing child seatOFFPASSENGER AIRBAG OFF35 lbs (16 kg) or less
Child in a booster seatOFF or ONPASSENGER AIRBAG OFF or
PASSENGER AIRBAG ON
20-100 lbs (9-45 kg)*
Large childOFF or ONPASSENGER AIRBAG OFF or
PASSENGER AIRBAG ON
5th percentile female or
larger (by weight)
ONPASSENGER AIRBAG ONOver approximately 100 lbs
(45 kg)
*If the passenger airbag status indicator does not match the situation, do not use the seat.
The passenger must ride in a different seat. Contact Tesla Service.

NOTE: It takes approximately six seconds after you power on Model Y
for the occupant classification system (OCS) to report accurate status
of the front passenger airbag. As a result, when you first power on Model Y, even in situations when it should be OFF because the seat is occupied by a weight of 20 lbs (9 kg) or less, it will take the touchscreen approximately six seconds to display the status, PASS AIRBAG OFF. If it fails to do so, contact Tesla Service and do not seat a child in the front passenger seating position.

To make sure the sensing system can correctly detect occupancy status, eliminate the following:

• Objects lodged under the seat.
• Heavy objects sitting on the seat (briefcase, large purse).
• Objects wedged between the seat back and seat cushion.
• Cargo interfering with the seat.
• Aftermarket items attached to, or sitting on or between, the seat and occupant including but not limited to covers, mats, blankets, etc.

These conditions can interfere with the occupancy sensor. If you have eliminated the above possibilities, and the airbag status is still incorrect,
ask passengers to ride in the rear seats and contact Tesla to have the airbag system checked.

NOTE: The front passenger occupancy sensor affects the operation of the passenger front airbags only. The side airbags are not affected.

WARNING: If the front passenger airbag is not turning on or off as expected based on the weight thresholds previously described,
contact Tesla immediately.

WARNING: If seating a child in the front passenger seat is legally permissible in your market region, it is the driver’s responsibility to ensure that the passenger front airbag is OFF.
Never seat a child in a rear facing safety seat in the front passenger seat with an active airbag. DEATH or SERIOUS INJURY to the child can occur.
Per recommendations by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, all occupants age 12 and under must ride in the rear seats.

WARNING: Do not use seat covers on Model Y. Doing so could restrict deployment of the seat-mounted side air bags if a collision occurs. It can also reduce the accuracy of the occupant detection system, if equipped.


Ensuring Accurate Occupant Classification

To help ensure an occupant in the front passenger seat can be accurately classified, the passenger must:

• Wear a seat belt.
• Sit upright on the center of the seat cushion, with shoulders resting against the seat back and legs extended comfortably in front with feet on the floor.
• Remain positioned on the seat cushion and not lift their weight off the seat (for example, by pushing their feet against the floor or pressing on the center console or armrest to lift up).
• Never wear thick, wet, or bulky clothing (such as ski wear or padded clothing).
In addition to the items listed above, the following situations can interfere with the accuracy of the occupant classification system:
• Placing a radio transmitter (for example, a hunting radio or walkie-talkie) on the front passenger seat.
• Placing an AC/DC inverter, or a device that is being powered by the inverter (for example, a cell phone, tablet, or computer) on the front passenger seat cushion.
• Placing liquid (such as a bottled drink) or food containers on a car seat when a child seat is present.
• Incorrectly placing a child safety seat so that the entire lower section is not positioned against the seat cushion.
• Objects lodged under the seat or wedged between the seat back and cushion.
• Heavy objects sitting on the seat (briefcase, large purse).
• Cargo interfering with the seat.
• Aftermarket items attached to or placed between the seat and the occupant, such as covers, mats, blankets, etc.

These conditions can interfere with the occupancy sensor. If you have eliminated the above possibilities, and the airbag status is still incorrect, instruct passengers to ride in the rear seats and contact Tesla to have the airbag system checked.

NOTE: Tesla follows NHTSA (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration) recommendations that all occupants age 12 and under must ride in a rear seating position.

NOTE: The front passenger occupancy sensor affects the operation of the passenger front airbags only. The side airbags are not affected.

WARNING: Failure to follow the above instructions can adversely affect the Occupant Classification System (OCS) which can cause serious injury or death.

WARNING: If the front passenger airbag is not turning on or off as expected, do not seat a passenger in the front passenger seat. Contact Tesla Service.

WARNING: To ensure accuracy of the occupant detection system, do not make any modifications to the front passenger seat.

WARNING: Do not use seat covers on Model Y. Doing so could restrict deployment of the seat-mounted side air bags if a collision occurs. It can also reduce the accuracy of the occupant classification system.


Inflation Effects

WARNING: When airbags inflate, a fine powder is
released. This powder can irritate the skin and
should be thoroughly flushed from the eyes and
from any cuts or abrasions.

After inflation, the airbags deflate to provide a gradual
cushioning effect for the occupants and to ensure the
driver’s forward vision is not obscured.
If airbags have inflated, or if your vehicle has been in a
collision, your vehicle requires servicing before it will
power up. In addition, your airbags, seat belt pre-tensioners
and any associated components must be checked, and if
necessary, replaced. Contact Tesla Service immediately.

In a collision, in addition to the airbags inflating:

• Doors unlock.
• Hazard warning lights turn on.
• Interior lights turn on.
• High voltage is disabled.

NOTE: In some collisions, even if airbags did not inflate,
high voltage may be disabled and you will be unable to
power up and drive. Contact Tesla Service immediately.


Airbag Warning Indicator

The airbag indicator on the touchscreen
remains lit if the airbag system is
malfunctioning. The only time this
indicator should light up is briefly when
Model Y first powers up, in which case it
turns off within a few seconds. If it
remains lit, contact Tesla immediately
and do not drive.

Airbag Warnings

WARNING: All occupants, including the driver,
should always wear their seat belts, whether or
not an airbag is also provided at their seating
position, to minimize the risk of severe injury or
death in the event of a collision.

WARNING: Front seat occupants should not place
their arms over the airbag module, as an inflating
airbag can cause fractures or other injuries.

WARNING: Do not use seat covers on Model Y.
Doing so could restrict deployment of the seat-mounted
side air bags if a collision occurs. It can also reduce the
accuracy of the occupant detection system, if equipped.

WARNING: Airbags inflate with considerable
speed and force, which can cause injury. To limit
injuries, ensure that occupants are wearing seat
belts and are correctly seated, with the seat
positioned as far back as possible. The National
Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
recommends a minimum distance of 10″ (25 cm)
between an occupant’s chest and an airbag.

WARNING: Children should not be seated on the
front passenger seat unless permitted by
regulations in your market region. Follow all
regulations in your region for the appropriate way
to seat a child based on the child’s weight, size,
and age. The safest place to seat infants and
young children is in a rear seating position.
Seating an infant or child in a rear-facing child
restraint system on a seat equipped with an
operational airbag can cause serious injury or
death.

WARNING: Do not use a rear-facing child safety
seat on a seat with an operational airbag in front
of it. Doing so can cause injury or death if the
airbag inflates.

WARNING: To ensure correct inflation of the side
airbags, maintain an unobstructed gap between
an occupant’s torso and the side of Model Y.

WARNING: Passengers shouldn’t lean their heads
against doors. Doing so can cause injury if a
curtain airbag inflates.

WARNING: Do not allow passengers to obstruct
the operation of an airbag by placing feet, knees
or any other part of the body on or near an
airbag.

WARNING: Do not attach or place objects on or
near the front airbags, the side of the front seats,
the headliner at the side of the vehicle, or any
other airbag cover that could interfere with
inflation of an airbag. Objects can cause serious
injury if the vehicle is in a collision severe enough
to cause the airbag to inflate.

WARNING: Following inflation, some airbag components
are hot. Do not touch until they have cooled.

How to Open and Close Front Trunk on Model Y

Opening

To open the front trunk:

  1. Ensure that the area around the hood is free of
    obstacles.
  2. Touch the associated OPEN button on the
    touchscreen, double-click the front trunk button on
    the key fob accessory, or touch the front trunk button
    on the mobile app.
  3. Pull the hood up.

When a door or trunk/liftgate is open,
the touchscreen displays the Door Open
indicator light. The image of your Model
Y on the touchscreen also displays the
open front trunk.

WARNING: Before opening or closing the hood, it
is important to check that the area around the
hood is free of obstacles (people and objects).
Failure to do so may result in damage or serious
injury

NOTE: The front trunk locks whenever closed and you
lock Model Y using the touchscreen, mobile app, key
card, you leave Model Y carrying your authenticated
phone (if Walk-Away Door Lock is turned on), or if Valet
mode is active.

Closing

The Model Y hood is not heavy enough to latch under its
own weight and applying pressure on the front edge or
center of the hood can cause damage.
To properly close the hood:

  1. Lower the hood until the striker touches the latches.
  2. Place both hands on the front of the hood – left and right
    from the Tesla logo (do not press on the logo), then press
    down firmly to engage the latches.
  3. Carefully try to lift the front edge of the hood to ensure
    that it is fully closed.

CAUTION: To prevent damage:
• Apply pressure only to the areas left and right form
the Tesla logo..
Applying pressure to the Tesla logo can cause
damage.
• Do not close the hood with one hand. Doing so
applies concentrated force in one area and can
result in a dent or crease.
• Do not apply pressure to the front edge of the
hood. Doing so can crease the edge.
• Do not slam or drop the hood.

WARNING: Before driving, you must ensure that
the hood is securely latched in the fully closed
position by carefully trying to lift the front edge of
the hood upward and confirming there is no
movement. If the front trunk is not closed, a
message displays on the touchscreen that you
cannot shift the vehicle out of Park until the front
trunk is securely closed

Interior Emergency Release

An illuminated interior release button inside the front
trunk allows a person locked inside to get out.

Press the interior release button to open the front trunk,
then push up on the hood.

NOTE: The interior release button glows following a brief
exposure to ambient light.

WARNING: People should never climb inside the
front trunk. Never shut the front trunk when a
person is inside.
WARNING: Care should be taken to ensure that
objects inside the front trunk do not bump against
the release button, causing the trunk to
accidentally open.

Opening Hood with No Power

In the unlikely event that Model Y has no 12V power, you
will be unable to open the front trunk using the
touchscreen, key fob, or mobile app. To open the front
trunk in this situation:

NOTE: The following will not open the front trunk if
Model Y is locked and has 12V power.

  1. Locate an external 12V power supply (such as a
    portable jump starter).
  2. Release the tow eye cover on the front bumper by
    pressing firmly on the top right perimeter of the
    cover until it pivots inward,
    then gently pulling the raised section toward you.
    NOTE: Depending on production date, either the
    positive or negative terminal may be attached to the
    tow eye cover.
  3. Pull the two wires out of the tow eye opening to
    expose both terminals.
  4. Connect the 12V power supply’s red positive (+)
    cable to the red positive (+) terminal.
  5. Connect the 12V power supply’s black negative (-)
    cable to the black negative (-) terminal.

NOTE: Applying external 12V power to these
terminals only releases the hood latches. You cannot
charge the 12V battery using these terminals.

  1. Turn on the external power supply (refer to the
    manufacturer’s instructions). The hood latches are
    immediately released and you can now open the
    hood to access the front trunk area.
  2. Disconnect both cables, beginning with the black
    negative (-) cable.
  3. If pulling the vehicle onto a flatbed truck, do not
    replace the tow eye cover yet. If necessary, replace
    the tow eye cover by inserting the wires into the tow
    eye opening and aligning the tow eye cover into
    position and turning it into place.

How to Open and Close Rear Trunk on Model Y

Opening

To open the rear trunk, ensure the vehicle is in Park,
then do one of the following:

• Touch the associated OPEN button on the
touchscreen.
• Double-click the rear trunk button on the key fob
accessory.
• Touch the rear trunk button on the mobile app.
• With Model Y unlocked, press the switch located
under the rear trunk’s exterior handle.

When a door or the rear trunk powered
liftgate is open, the touchscreen displays
the Door Open indicator light. The
image of your Model Y on the
touchscreen also displays the open
trunk

To stop a powered liftgate while it is moving, single-click
the rear trunk button on the key fob. Then, when
you double-click the rear trunk button, it moves again,
but in the opposite direction (provided it was not
almost entirely open or closed when you stopped it).
For example, if you single-click to stop the powered
liftgate while it is opening, when you double-click, it
closes.

NOTE: In emergency situations, you can override an
Open or Close command by grabbing hold of the
powered liftgate to stop it in place.

WARNING: Before opening or closing the
powered liftgate, it is important to check that the
area around the liftgate is free of obstacles
(people and objects). You must proactively
monitor the liftgate to ensure that it does not
come into contact with a person or object. Failure
to do so may result in damage or serious injury.

Closing

To close the powered liftgate, do one of the following:
• Touch the associated CLOSE button on the
touchscreen.
• Double-click the rear trunk button on the key fob.
• Press the switch located on the underside of the
liftgate.

If the powered liftgate senses an obstruction when
closing, it stops moving and sounds two chimes.
Remove the obstruction and try closing it again.

Adjusting Liftgate Opening Height
You can adjust the opening height of the powered
liftgate to make it easier to reach or to avoid low-hanging
ceilings or objects (for example, a garage door or light):

  1. Open the trunk, then manually lower or raise the
    liftgate to the desired opening height.
  2. Press and hold the button on the underside of the
    liftgate for three seconds until you hear a
    confirmation chime.
  3. Confirm that you have set it to the desired height by
    closing the powered liftgate, then reopening it.

Accessing the Cargo Area
To access the cargo area inside the rear trunk, pull up
the strap at the rear of the cargo cover. You can then
fold the cargo cover forward or remove it from Model Y.

CAUTION: To avoid damage, never load more
than 130 lbs (60 kg) on the rear load floor (above
the lower trunk compartment), 285 lbs (130 kg) in
the large lower trunk compartment, or more than
50 lbs (23 kg) in the shallow lower trunk
compartment. Doing so can cause damage.

How to “jump start” Model Y

Jump Starting the 12V Battery

CAUTION: Tesla Model Y cannot be used to jump start
another vehicle. Doing so can result in damage.

NOTE: If jump starting Model Y using another vehicle,
refer to that vehicle manufacturer’s instructions. The
following instructions assume an external 12V power
supply (such as a portable jump starter) is used.

CAUTION: Avoid short circuits when jump starting
Model Y. Connecting cables to the wrong
terminals, touching leads together, etc., can result
in damage to Model Y.

1. Open the hood
2. Remove the maintenance panel by pulling it upwards
to release the trim clips that hold it in place.
3. Connect the 12V power supply’s red positive (+)
cable to the red positive (+) terminal on the 12V
battery.

CAUTION: To avoid damaging Model Y, do not
allow the positive cable to contact other metal
components, such as the battery tie-down
bracket.

4. Connect the 12V power supply’s black negative (-)
cable to the black negative (-) terminal on the 12V
battery.
5. Turn on the external power supply (refer to the
manufacturer’s instructions). Touch the touchscreen
to wake it up.

NOTE: It may take several minutes to receive enough
power to wake up the touchscreen.

6. When external 12V power is no longer required,
disconnect both cables from the terminals on the
12V battery, beginning with the black negative (-)
cable.
7. Replace the cabin intake trim panel by placing it
back in its original location and pressing down until
it is secure.
8. Replace the maintenance panel by placing it back in
its original location and pressing down until it is
secure.
9. Close the hood.

How to apply parking brake on Model Y

To engage the parking brake, touch Controls > Safety &
Security > Parking Brake
and follow the onscreen
instructions. You can also engage the parking brake by
pressing and holding the button on the end of the drive
stalk while in Park.

NOTE: The parking brake operates on the rear wheels
only, and is independent of the pedal-operated brake
system.

WARNING: In snowy or icy conditions the rear
wheels may not have sufficient traction to prevent
Model Y from sliding down a slope, particularly if
not using winter tires. Avoid parking on hills in
snowy or icy conditions. You are always
responsible for parking safely.

WARNING: Tesla Model Y may display an alert if
the road is too steep to safely park on, or if the
parking brakes are not properly engaged. These
alerts are for guidance purposes only and are not
a substitute for the driver’s judgment of safe
parking conditions, including specific road or
weather conditions. Do not depend on these
alerts to determine whether or not it is safe to
park at any location. You are always responsible
for parking safely.

When you manually apply the parking
brake using the touchscreen (Controls >
Safety & Security > Parking Brake
), or
by pressing and holding the button on
the end of the drive stalk when in Park,
the red parking brake indicator lights up
on the touchscreen.

If the parking brake experiences an
electrical issue, the amber parking brake
indicator lights up and a fault message
displays at the top of the touchscreen.

CAUTION: In the unlikely event that Model Y loses
electrical power, you cannot access the
touchscreen and are therefore unable to release
the parking brake without first “jump starting”
Model Y
.

How to top up washer fluid on Model Y

Topping Up Windshield Washer Fluid

The only reservoir into which you can add fluid is the
windshield washer fluid reservoir, which is located
behind the front trunk. When the level is low, a message
displays on the touchscreen.
To top up the washer fluid:

1. Open the hood.
2. Clean around the filler cap before opening it to
prevent dirt from entering the reservoir.
3. Open the filler cap.
4. While avoiding spilling, fill the reservoir until the fluid
level is visible just below the filler neck. The reservoir of
Tesla model Y has a capacity of 4.5 liters.
5. Wipe up any spills immediately and wash the
affected area with water.
6. Replace the filler cap.

NOTE: Some national or local regulations restrict the use
of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs). VOCs are
commonly used as antifreeze in washer fluid. Use a
washer fluid with limited VOC content only if it provides
adequate freeze resistance for all climates in which you
drive Model Y.

CAUTION: Do not add formulated washer fluids
that contain water repellent or bug wash. These
fluids can cause streaking, smearing, and
squeaking or other noises.

WARNING: In temperatures below 40° F (4° C),
use a washer fluid with antifreeze. In cold weather,
using a washer fluid without antifreeze can impair
visibility through the windshield.

WARNING: Windshield washer fluid can irritate
eyes and skin. Read and observe the instructions
provided by the washer fluid manufacturer.

How to control wipers on Model Y

Wipers

To perform a single wipe with the windshield wipers,
press and immediately release the button on the end of
the turn signal stalk.
To adjust the continuous wiper settings, touch the
windshield wiper icon located in the “Cards” area on the
touchscreen (see Touchscreen Overview on page 4).
The wiper card displays the current state of the wipers.
NOTE: When you operate the wipers, the headlights
automatically turn on (if they were not on already).
CAUTION: To avoid damaging the hood, ensure
that the hood is fully closed before activating the
windshield wipers.

1. Turn the wipers on or off.
2. Adjust the speed of the wipers.
◦ 1: Intermittent, slow
◦ 2: Intermittent, fast
◦ 3: Continuous, slow
◦ 4: Continuous, fast
◦ AUTO: Tesla Model Y detects whether or not it is
raining. When wipers are set to AUTO and liquid
is detected on the windshield, Model Y
determines the optimal frequency at which they
should wipe. If Model Y does not detect liquid on
the windshield, the wipers do not wipe.

NOTE: If the AUTO setting is selected but becomes
unavailable, the wipers change to the manual setting
(one of the first four positions) that is closest to the
latest determined AUTO wiping frequency. If the
latest wiping frequency cannot be determined, the
wipers turn off.
CAUTION: Ensure the wipers are off before
washing Model Y to avoid the risk of damaging
the wipers.

Periodically check and clean the edge of the wiper
blades. If a blade is damaged, replace it immediately.

CAUTION: Remove ice from the windshield before
turning the wipers on. Ice has sharp edges that
can damage the rubber on the blades.
CAUTION: In harsh climates, ensure that the wiper
blades are not frozen or adhered to the
windshield.

Washers

Fully press and hold the button on the end of the turn
signal stalk to spray washer fluid onto the windshield.
While spraying the windshield, the wipers turn on. After
releasing the button, the wipers perform two additional
wipes, then a third wipe a few seconds later.
Periodically top up washer fluid

How to control lights on Model Y

Touch Controls > Lights on the touchscreen to control
the lights.
In addition to the lights that you can control from the
touchscreen, Tesla Model Y has convenience lights that
operate automatically based on what you are doing. For
example, in low ambient lighting conditions, the interior
lights, marker lights, tail lights, and puddle lights turn
on when you unlock Model Y, when you open a door,
and when you shift into Park. They turn off after a
minute or two or when you shift into a driving gear or
lock Model Y.

1. Exterior lights (headlights, tail lights, side marker
lights, parking lights, and license plate lights) are set
to AUTO each time you start Model Y. When set to
AUTO, exterior lights automatically turn on when
driving in low lighting conditions. If you change to a
different setting, lights always revert to AUTO on
your next drive.
Touch one of these options to temporarily change
the exterior light setting:
◦ OFF: Exterior lights turn off until you manually
turn them back on or until the next time you
drive.
◦ PARKING: Only the exterior side marker lights,
parking lights, tail lights and license plate lights
turn on.
◦ ON: Exterior lights turn on.

NOTE: Any exterior lights (for example, daytime
running lights) that are required to remain on in your
market region will turn on as appropriate when
driving, when parked on specific types of roads, etc.
NOTE: If equipped with the premium package,
Model Y has a series of LED lights along the rim of
the headlights, also referred to as “signature” lights.
These lights automatically turn on whenever Model Y
is powered on and a driving gear (Drive or Reverse)
is engaged.

CAUTION: The rear tail lights are off while
daytime running lights are on. Be sure the rear
lights are on during low rear visibility
conditions (for example, when it is dark, foggy,
snowy, or the road is wet, etc.). Failure to do so
can cause damage or serious injury.
WARNING: Always ensure that your headlights
are on during low visibility conditions. Failure
to do so may result in a collision.

2. A separate control is available to turn on fog lights
(if equipped). When on, fog lights operate whenever
low beam headlights are on. When headlights are
turned off, fog lights also turn off.

3. Turn the interior dome (map) lights on or off. If set
to AUTO, all interior dome lights turn on when you
unlock Model Y, open a door upon exiting, or shift
into Park.
You can also manually turn an individual dome light
on or off by pressing its lens. If you manually turn a
dome light on, it turns off when Model Y powers off.
If Model Y was already powered off when you
manually turned the light on, it turns off after 60
minutes.

4. If you turn on AMBIENT LIGHTS, interior ambient
lights turn on whenever the headlights are on (if
equipped with the premium package).

NOTE: To control the backlighting on the steering
wheel buttons, touch Controls > Lights > Steering
Wheel Lights
. If off, they do not turn on when
headlights are on.

5. If you turn on Auto High Beam, your vehicle
automatically switches from high beam headlights to
low beam headlights when light is detected in front
of Model Y.

6. If you turn on Headlights after Exit, the exterior
lights remain on for a short period of time after you
stop driving and park Model Y in low lighting
conditions.

7. If you turn on Steering Wheel Lights, the arrows
associated with the scroll buttons are backlit in low
ambient lighting conditions.

Reading Lights

There are two reading lights in the second row seating
area, both above the door and next to the coat hangers.
Turn an individual reading light on or off by pressing its
lens. The reading light will automatically turn off when
Model Y powers off.

High Beam Headlights

Push the turn signal stalk away from you and release to
turn the high beam headlights on continuously. To
cancel, push the stalk away from you again.

To briefly flash the high beam headlights, pull the stalk
towards you and release.
The high beam headlights can automatically switch to
low beam when there is light detected in front of Model
Y (for example, from an oncoming vehicle). To turn this
feature on or off, go to Quick Controls or touch
Controls > Lights > Auto High Beam.

NOTE: Your chosen setting is retained until you
manually change it.

In situations where Auto High Beam is turned on but
the high beams are turned off because light is detected
in front of Model Y, you can temporarily turn on the
high beams by pulling the turn signal stalk toward you.
The following indicator lights are visible on the
touchscreen to show the status of the headlights:

◦ Low beam headlights are on.

◦ High beam headlights are on and Auto High Beam
is disabled or currently unavailable.

◦ Auto High Beam is enabled and high
beams are on. Model Y is ready to turn
off the high beams if light is detected.

◦ Auto High Beam is enabled but high
beams are not on because light is
detected in front of Model Y. When light
is no longer detected, high beams
automatically turn back on.

WARNING: Auto High Beam is an aid only and is
subject to limitations. It is the driver’s
responsibility to make sure that the headlights are
appropriately adjusted for weather conditions and
driving circumstances.

Headlights After Exit

When Headlights after Exit is on, the exterior
headlights remain on when you stop driving and park
Model Y in low lighting conditions. They automatically
turn off after one minute or when Model Y locks. When
off, headlights turn off when you engage the Park gear
and open a door.

To turn this feature on or off, touch Controls > Lights >
Headlights
after Exit.

Headlight Adjustments

To adjust the angle of the headlights, touch Controls >
Service > Adjust Headlights
, then follow the onscreen
instructions. You can choose which headlight you would
like to adjust by selecting it on the touchscreen.

NOTE: Headlights do not require adjustments when
temporarily driving into a region where the traffic
direction is different (for example, driving in right-hand
traffic region, and then driving into a region with left-hand traffic).

WARNING: Proceed with caution when adjusting
headlights. Tesla has carefully calibrated the
position of the headlights to be in an optimum
position for most driving scenarios. Tesla
recommends that you do not adjust headlights
unless you are familiar with how headlights should
be adjusted. Once adjusted, you will be unable to
automatically restore them to their originally
calibrated position. Contact Tesla for assistance
when adjusting headlights.

Turn Signals

The turn signals flash three times or continuously,
depending on how far up or down you move the stalk.
Lightly push the turn signal stalk up or down for a three-flash sequence. For a continuous signal, push the stalk
fully up or down.

The turn signals stop operating when canceled by the
steering wheel, by moving the stalk in the opposite
direction, or lightly pushing the stalk in the same
direction once more.

The corresponding turn signal indicator
lights up on the touchscreen when a turn
signal is operating. Model Y also emits a
clicking sound.

WARNING: If you have purchased an optional
Autopilot package and Traffic-Aware Cruise
Control is active, engaging a turn signal can cause
Model Y to accelerate when using Traffic-Aware
Cruise Control in specific situations. If Autosteer is active
on a vehicle with Auto Lane Change, engaging a
turn signal may cause Model Y to change lanes.

Hazard Warning Flashers

To turn on the hazard warning flashers, press the button
located above the rear view mirror. All turn signals flash.
Press the button again to turn off the hazard warning
flashers.

NOTE: Hazard warning flashers operate even when
Model Y cannot detect a key.
NOTE: The hazard warning light button is illuminated
whenever Model Y is powered on.